Guest Blogger: Fractions in Kinder

Hey teacher friends! My name is Cassie Thomas and I blog over at Mrs. Thomas's Class/Texas Forever blog! I am a 4th grade writing teacher who has been all over the map since I started my teaching journey!! I taught kindergarten my first year (AND LOVED IT!), moved to 3rd grade ELAR, and then got to loop with my babies to 4th grade writing. Looping has been one of the most rewarding experiences ever, even with being gone on maternity leave. 

I am bringing a post to you today about when I taught my kinder babies fractions. It was the most fun experience, and honestly every student despite what level they were on walked back inside knowing the basic fractions. Texas took this standard out of kindergarten TEKs, but would be fantastic for an end of the year introduction or 1st grade activity! 

 I call it "fraction relays." 
It looks like this: 

Okay, so the above picture is what my fractions were. I bought 10 $1 hula hoops at Dollar Tree and also bought electrical tape to make the fractions. It was surprisingly very easy to do equal pieces. I made 2 1/2's for each group. I did 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, and 1/6.
So I had the kids line up first boys and girls in two separate lines. I had craft sticks and on one side I wrote a fraction, 1/2, 1/3, 2/3, etc. Then on the other side I put random colored stickers (yellow, green, purple, and red) 
The first way we played was where they ran through and had a certain amount of time (1 minute) to look at their fraction and run through the line and put their stick in the correct hula hoop. Then I picked them up and checked who got them all right. Whoever got the most right won. We did this way a few times. Then another class that came and watched, they got the chance to do it too. (On Thursday we are going to compete against each other.) 
The second way we played was with the stickers. I knew what the stickers meant, but they didn't. The stickers told me where they went, yellow was 1/2, red was 1/6, etc. I would say a story for each child. For example: I ate half of that donut this morning. They had to listen to my story and go put the stick in the correct place. This made them think so much harder, and I loved it. They had a blast!!!!! I am so so excited. I can't wait to do it against the other class on Thursday! :) 

Let me know what you think!!! 

Short A Word Family

Once my students have mastered their letters and sounds, we start learning how to read words.  The easiest way to transition into reading words is for me to introduce weekly word families. 
I start with all the words in the "_at" family (cat, bat, fat, rat, pat sat...)  I show them that we can change the first letter of the word and create a NEW word.  Once they are trained to look for the "at" in the word, they get SO excited when they realize that they can read words all on their own!  
It helps to make a list on the board of all the words in the "at family."

I transferred them to my little "_at" poster that I got from Lakeshore.  I keep these words displayed all year long for the students to refer to when they are writing! Once we have mastered the "at family" we move on to another short a family.

I created a Short A resource to use as reinforcement and as an assessment.  Take a look..

I love this activity because there are several opportunities for the students to read the "short a" words.  I created two different versions.  One of them has the students write a sentence and the other asks them to draw a picture.  Writing a sentence is a beast of its own, so I thought it would be good to have options on which type of activity you ask your students to complete.  I incorporated some sight words for them to practice reading the "short a family" in a sentence.

This next activity asks for the students to look at the picture card and match it to the written word.  I am kind of obsessed with this PB&J themed center!  

To reinforce there reading (and writing) ability, they can show what they know on this short a printable.  They look at the picture and write the word on the line.

For this next short a center, the students look at the picture cards and sort them by word family.  This is a great center activity because the students have to speak the word, say the sounds in the word, and then correlate it to the written word to be able to sort it!  There are a lot of skills packed in this simple activity!

The printable below can be used as an assessment to check this skill!

I also included some other activities for independent and partner practice!

I am REALLY excited about introducing the short a words to my students!  Next up... "short e" words!

Guest Blogger: How to Avoid Sub Plans

Hello friends! My name is Jen and if you don't already know me, I blog over at Teaching in the Tongass.  I am just popping in on Michelle's blog to share a tour of my Sub Binder.  I have to give a huge thanks to Michelle for letting me crash today!
As the new school year starts back up, I am thinking about time management. Every year, I do things to make sure I am managing my time efficiently. One of them involves writing sub plans for the year. Yes, the year. This isn't a new idea, but for some people, it may be! So, if you want to avoid writing sub plans each time you are out, read on! 

sub plans

Within the first 2 weeks of school, I have my entire substitute binder all ready. I can't really write all of my plans before the year begins, so I wait until I know my class, our ever-changing schedule and any little bits of info that you typically find out after school starts.

 This one seems pretty obvious, but keeping your plans in an obvious place can be tricky. I like to keep mine right next to the phone. That way, if the sub has a hard time finding them, they should see them when they reach for the phone to call the office! As you can see, I also label my sub binder spine and front pocket so that anyone can tell what it is.

sub plans

Just like you may like to keep a transportable class list behind your ID badge (if you don't do this already, you can start now--perfect for fire drills and field trips!), your sub may want an easily accessible class list. Slip a few small copies in the front cover of your binder and you're good to go. Pardon the blurry photo of mine, it's from 2 years ago and a blown-up iPhone photo. 

sub plans

I don't know how much prep time is given to you, but it's enough that I wouldn't want my sub to be twiddling their thumbs wondering what to do. So, I keep a little list ready. Whenever I have a task I know can wait until later (typically, it's filing or cutting), I write it on this list in dry-erase marker.  
*On the left you can see my attendance sheet. Normally, attendance is taken online (using PowerSchool). However, sometimes a teacher doesn't leave their computer behind (particularly when you are headed to professional development) or feel comfortable sharing computer login information (sometimes we have confidential things we can't share), so I keep about 10 of these sheets stapled together for an old-school attendance. Mark an "A" for absent and send to the office with a student. Done!  

sub plans

Behind my attendance sheets, I keep copies of this writing activity. It can be done really at any time, so it is a great time-filler and the kids love it!

sub plans

I keep my favorites in a binder in the classroom library for the kids to read and use for later inspiration. You can download it free by clicking below.

I also keep this fun book right inside the binder as it is the perfect time filler (kids love to talk!!!!). If you're not familiar with it already, I recommend you grab it. It's also good for morning meeting!

This is sort of a no-brainer. However, if you forget it, it may be a pretty hard day for your sub! I keep our main schedule, our specials schedule, and our once a week RTI specials (where the kids go when grade-level teachers are meeting) schedule. I also throw in the district calendar so the sub can reference that for any reason.

On the first day of school, I take an up-close photo of each student. I use this photo for tons of things (on clothespin line for hanging artwork, student of the week poster, etc.). I am a visual person. If I were a sub, I'd like to be able to reference this list of names throughout the day, particularly when leaving a note about the day. I make the photos big enough to put a page of boys and a page of girls.

Next up in the binder, I keep the actual sub plans. I have a welcome/thank you page that has a few pertinent things, including phone extensions of office, nurse and neighbor teachers.

Immediately after my welcome page, I include my classroom routines, reward system (I have a few), jobs (they stay the same all year) and basic expectations.

This one can be tricky. It may not work all year, but if you're lucky, it might!
Which is why I don't have my binder ready until 2 weeks after the school year starts. I am not sure what reading, writing and math activities my students yet. Here is the gist of what I include:
Reading: Although we use a program (Reading Wonders), I don't ask my sub to teach from it if I'm not going to be gone for more than a couple of days. Instead, I include directions for buddy reading and independent reading journals. Some years I throw in spelling practice directions as well.
Writing: I use a writing workshop model, but when I'm gone for a short amount of time, I don't ask my students to work on their writing (I guess I have control issues).  Instead, I use this time to pop in some social studies that we never seem to have time for.  For 2nd grade in Juneau, a bit of it is about community workers. Our library has a set of community workers books. The sub reads a book from the tub (I check out about 15 of them at the beginning of the year and keep them just for this) and students fill out response packet page (it has a place for a drawing and a writing prompt "_____'s are important to the community because_____"). I can't find what the books really are called, but they're basically something like this series. 

Math: I always teach a few basic math games at the beginning of the year. Our math block is typically an hour, which is enough time to really play a couple of math games and practice some math fluency. That's it!

I keep fire, power outage and lockdown procedures in my binder as well. I wouldn't want my sub to have to go find the special one the building provides that I keep on the exit door, so I keep everything and anything they'll need right in the binder. 

I made a basic blueprint of my classroom using shapes tools in Microsoft Powerpoint (you can also use Word). I labeled furniture and important areas that I reference in the plans ("The math games are stored in the blue tub on the long shelf under the word wall"). Don't assume every sub will know what everything is, even if you're descriptive! I write the seating chart in pencil so whenever I make a change I can quickly adjust it in my sub binder.

Most teachers know this age-old trick, but just in case you don't, I'll say it because it's not really something you learn about in school (is anything really?!). If you write on paper with a highlighter, it doesn't appear when you Xerox it. It's genius, really. I write my last name, number of copies, and my copy code (we have to input a 4 digit copy code to keep track of how many copies we make) in highlighter. I've also use sticky notes with this info, but this works as well.

And lastly, if you have any handy management resources, include those as well. Catchy attention-grabbing phrases can be new to a sub, so I like to keep this sheet in the back just in case.

So, there you have it. That's how I avoid coming in when I'm sick or home with my sick kids. Of course, there are times when things need to be adjusted #reallife , so I adjust my plans accordingly. But, once you get the "skeleton" of your binder in place, it's pretty easy to be gone for a day or two when you need to. I highly recommend taking the time to sort out a sub binder or sub tub at the beginning of the year!